Tramadol is a painkiller (synthetic opioid analgesic) that is mostly prescribed by medical practitioners to the patients going through severe to moderate pain that may be caused due to any chronic medical condition or surgery. Tramadol is the generic name of the medications like Ultram, Ultracet Ultram Extended Release, etc. While Extended Release pills are used to get relief from pain immediately (for immediate effect), Extended Release pills are used to get relief from pain for an extended period of time(for long-lasting effect) without administering the medicine frequently.
Although Tramadol differs, as far as its activities are concerned, from a typical opioid, yet it still exhibits some properties of an opioid through the opioid receptors of the brain.
An Individual May Be At The Risk Of Being Addicted Oo Tramadol If They:
- Take more powerful doses than what is actually recommended.
- Are using it for a more extended period of time than recommended.
- Are administering it more frequently than advised.
- You are taking Tramadol with other substances like alcohol, sedatives, and other drugs.
- You are using it for non-medical purposes.
Tramadol Addiction Is Marked By:
- Inability to limit this drug’s use,
- Difficulty in performing daily activities without taking this drug,
- Body becoming tolerant to the drug, and
- Increasing the urge to take this medication.
Short Term Effects Of Tramadol
Tramadol works by blocking the pain signals being transmitted to the nerves in the brain. Tramadol has many other targets as well in the nervous system (apart from the nerve cells present in the brain), each of which increases the pain-relieving effect of the and even the mood of the people at times. Though two of the most applicable effects of Tramadol, well known for its addictive effects and pain-relieving qualities are:
Tramadol binds to opioid receptors in the spinal cord and the brain like all other analgesic opiates ( codeine, heroin, etc.). These are the receptors that are responsible for relieving the pain in the patients (at regular doses) and the extreme feeling of well being and happiness that a drug addict seeks( at higher doses).
The second most relevant effect of Tramadol is that it is known to increase the level of norepinephrine and serotonin neurotransmitters, similar to venlafaxine (an antidepressant).
Short Term Effects Of Tramadol Include:
- Anxiety Reduction,
- Elevated mood/ feeling of euphoria and well being, and
- Relief from pain.
Long Term Effects of Tramadol:
Owing to the fact that Tramadol is addictive in nature and produces a number of undesirable side effects, most of the medical practitioners do not ever recommend Tramadol for a long period of time. Though these effects may vary considerably from person to person, they are usually categorized by the ones listed below:
Tolerance: It means that your body becomes tolerant of Tramadol, and you will need a higher/frequent dose of the medication to get the same effects as before.
Physical dependence: When you have been administering Tramadol over a long period of time, your body may become habitual to it. This would mean that now you will need to take medicine regularly as before and stopping its administration may lead to the onset of the withdrawal symptoms.
Cognitive decline: Tramadol, like opioids, is known to cause cognitive decline in a person who has been taking this drug over a long period of time. Thereby making it difficult for a person to perform his daily activities by affecting his ability to learn new things, learn something, concentrate on his tasks, making decisions, etc.
We Have Listed Tramadol Side Effects Below:
- Difficulty falling asleep
- Dry mouth
- Loss of appetite
- Rapid heartbeat
- Lack of coordination
- Difficulty swallowing or breathing
- Hives, blisters or rash